With this article we aim to inform you on the fact that also in Bulgaria Labor Rights are well implemented. As you can expect a Labor Code and a Labor Inspection are in place. What are your rights? What can you do if you feel your employee rights are not respected. The Labor Code we attached in this article. The link to contact the Labor Inspection you will find underneath.
Any EU employer is required to uphold the labor law for each individual employee. Should it happen that you feel treated unfair or not according labor regulations: read here what you can do.
Bulgaria Labor Rights
After you agree to a contract with an employer. The contract is the base for your future work relation. Make sure you understand the clauses in the contract, if anything is unclear, ask before signing! After the contract habit in your work will be included in this relation. With habit we mean, if for example you always work 8:00-16:30, this becomes habit and therefore a right. In other words habit is based on what is common or repetitive in your regular work situation.
Your basic rights
- Health and safety at work
- Equal opportunities for men and women
- Protection against discrimination: race, gender, religion, age, sexual orientation or disability
- Labor Code needs to be implemented
In Bulgaria you will find things are different. For example you get a paper booklet that states your work past. Each work experience needs to be signed for if you wish to receive a pension for it.
Some pointers to observe
> Employers are not allowed to register (eg. sound recording) your intake interview. However a candidate can do this.
> Change of Contract or Habit: 3 days in advance a written request for your consent.
> Financial/monetary pressure, punishment and/or wage/bonus deduction in any form is illegal.
> Any form of bonus should be related to the result of your individual input.
> Do not accept pressure or intimidation by your employer/manager: this is harassment.
> Be careful accepting outside work-related phone calls.
> Employers like to squeeze pennies: be very careful accepting tasks not listed in your contract.
> Equal Pay for Equal Work: Everybody with the same job description needs to be paid equal.
> Consult the Bulgarian Labour Code if you have concerns, or write us with your questions!
An irregularity that is often overlooked, but could be good to take note of: Employers like to make publicity for their company. For this they use for example a Facebook page. Keep in mind that nobody has the right to publish any picture of you on any outside (social) media without your specific permission.
Strange but not an irregularity
In many labor contracts in Bulgaria you get a little raise for every extra year of employment. Some companies express this in a percentage. It has come to our attention that these percentages are often lower than the national inflation rate. In other words: you would loose money the longer you stay at a company.
In any relation: Give and Take within reason, do what you are supposed to do and do it well. You should not have any problems!
Reporting your Employer for Irregularities
If you feel your employer is unreasonable and you cannot come to reason, you can report your employer to the Labor Inspection. Follow the link: Bulgarian Labor Inspectorate – Signal on Irregularities and fill out the form. Note: reporting your employer to the Labor Inspectorate is a pretty severe measure. Only do this when you have proof and if possible as a collective.
What will happen after you report your employer? To be honest we are not sure if this reporting function of the Bulgarian government works. However if you feel you are not taken seriously, see to contact the EU commission in Brussels: Submit a Complaint to the EU.